Sec-49 Opinion    TP Scheme on Web GIS       Home  
Town Planning and Valuation Department (Government of Gujarat) Town Planning & Valuation Department
Government of Gujarat
Decrease text size Normal text size Increase text size img
Skip to main content Skip to main content | Screen Reader Access img
About Municipal Corporation
The earliest evidence of local management of civic administration in India can be traced to Indus Valley civilization (around 2300 B.C) which was essentially an urban civilization. Commenting on the Indus Valley civilization, Golden Childe says “well planned streets and a magnificent system of drains, regularly cleared out; reflect the vigilance of some regular municipal government”. The nature of society and governance at local level underwent a significant change over the changing course of Indian history. I. The first municipal Corporation in modern India was set up in the former Presidency town of Madras in 1688. This was followed by Municipal Corporations of Calcutta in 1876 and Bombay in 1888. Lord Ripon (1880-84), the Viceroy of India introduced an element of elections in the Municipal Corporation and is known as “father of Local Self-government in India” for his pioneering work in this direction. The reforms introduced by Lord Ripon continue to have its traces in the existing local self-governments.
Municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, towns, townships, charter townships, villages, and boroughs. Municipal incorporation occurs when such municipalities become self-governing entities under the laws of the state or province in which they are located.
The Municipal Corporation consists of members elected from the wards of the city. The Mayor and Deputy Mayor are elected by the members among themselves. A Municipal Commissioner, who is from the Indian Administrative Service, is appointed to head the administrative staff of the Municipal Corporation, implement the decisions of the Corporation and prepare its annual budget.
The Municipal Corporation is responsible for roads, public transportation, water supply, records of births and deaths (delegated from central government Births and Deaths Registration Act), sanitation that includes waste management, sewage,drainage and flood control, public safety services like fire and ambulance services, gardens and maintenance of buildings. The sources of income of the Corporation are property tax, entertainment tax, octroi (now abolished from many cities) and usage fees for utilities.
Functions and Duties
Section – 63 and 66 of the BPMC Act 1949 defines the obligatory and discretionary duties of the Corporation. The same can be referred at
Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation [AMC]
Ahmedabad, better known as ‘Amdavad' is initial ‘Karmabhumi' of Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Vikram Sarabhai and Abdul Kalam in western part of India. Formerly known as Manchester of India for its Textile industry is now better known by Gandhi Ashram, Sardar Patel Smarak Bhavan, Indian Institute of Management IIM, ATIRA, ISRO, Community Science Centre, National Institute of Design, Gujarat Chamber of Commerce and Industries, and AMA Ahmedabad Management Association.
Check website of Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation [AMC] -
Surat Municipal Corporation [SMC]
Surat is a city located on the western part of India in the state of Gujarat. It is one of the most dynamic city of India with one of the fastest growth rate due to immigration from various part of Gujarat and other states of India.
Surat is one of the cleanest city of India and is also known by several other names like "THE SILK CITY", "THE DIAMOND CITY", "THE GREEN CITY", etc. It has a most vibrant present and an equally varied heritage of the past. It is the city where the British first land in India. The Dutch and the Portuguese also established there business centers in Surat, the remnants of which are still preserved in the modern day Surat. In past this was a glorious port with ships of more than 84 countries anchored in its harbour at any time.
Still today, Surat continues the same tradition as people from all around the country flock in for business and jobs. Surat has practically zero percent unemployment rate and jobs are easier to get here due to very fast development of various industries in and around Surat City
Check website of Surat Municipal Corporation [SMC] -
Vadodara Municipal Corporation [VMC]
Baroda is situated on the banks of the river Vishwamitri (whose name is derived from the great saint Rishi Vishwamitra). The city was once called Chandravati, after its ruler Raja Chandan, then Viravati, the abode of the brave, and then Vadpatra because of the abundance of banyan trees on the banks of the Vishwamitri. From Vadpatra it derived its present name Baroda or Vadodara.
Modern Baroda is a great and fitting memorial to its late ruler, Sayaji Rao Gaekwad III (1875-1939 AD). It was the dream of this able administrator to make Baroda an educational, industrial and commercial centre and he ensured that his dream would come true.
The people of Baroda like to tell visitors that their city is a ‘Sanskari Nagari', that is, a ‘cultured city'. By and large, the visitors agree. The city does indeed have rich cultural traditions. And today's Barodians have quite a full and hectic cultural life throughout the year.
In Baroda various large-scale industries such as Gujarat State Fertilisers & Chemicals, Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Limited and Gujarat Alkalies and Chemicals Limited have come up in the vicinity of Gujarat Refinery and all of them are dependent on it for their fuel and feedstock. Other large-scale public sector units are Heavy Water Project and Gujarat Industries Power Company Limited. In addition to these public sector enterprises, a number of other largescale enterprises have come up in the private sector. The products of these industries have wide applications in various sectors of the Indian economy.
Check website of Vadodara Municipal Corporation [VMC] -
Rajkot Municipal Corporation [RMC]
Rajkot is founded in the year of 1610 by Vibhaji Jadeja & Raju Sandhi.
Rajkot was once the capital of the princely state of Saurashtra. Today it is best known as the town where Mahatma Gandhi spent the early years of his life when his father was a Diwan or Prime Minister to the king of Saurashtra.
Rajkot is situated in the Saurashtra region of the western Indian state of Gujarat. The city extends from latitude 23°32¢ in the North to longitude 70°4¢ in the East. Rajkot, now a major industrial town, was once the capital of a princely State. It has the rich heritage of ancient civilization and freedom struggle. Rajkot shares many memories with the political as well as cultural history of India. Gandhi has rightly called the city a priceless laboratory for the freedom struggle based on non-violence.
Check website of Rajkot Municipal Corporation [RMC] -
Jamnagar Municipal Corporation [JMC]
Historically called Nawanagar, or the new city, Jamnagar was one of the most important princely states of Saurashtra. The city today is called Jamnagar or the city of Jams, after the heriditary title held by the rulers of Nawanagar from the time of Jam Rawal, who founded the city in 1540.
Today, the 200 km long Jamnagar coast, is known for it's industries with Essar, Reliance, Tata and numerous other industrial giants in the region. Jamnagar itself is a center for the brass industry, Bandhini fabrics and Zari sarees. Visitors to Jamnagar cannot long remain oblivious to it's princely past. The magnificent Pratap vilas palace, in a renaissance style with imposing domes, the 16 th century Darbargadh palace with a festival of stone sculpture, the impressive Willingdon crescent, the Lakhota island palace in 19 th century Jamsarovar lake with a museum inside, statutory of famous cricketing prince Ranjit Sinhji, numerous walled parks and gardens.
Bhavnagar Municipal Corporation [BMC]
Flanked by the Gulf of Khambhat on the east, Bhavnagar is the second largest city in the Saurashtra peninsula in Gujarat state, western India. It is home to a population of nearly 6 lakhs, chiefly engaged in trade and commerce.
The largest ship-recycling yard in India has been developed at Alang, 50 km to the south that has provided a base for many industries and vocations in the district. Bhavnagar is also an important centre of gem-cutting craft.
Bhavnagar is also known as the cultural capital of Saurashtra. Its life is rooted in communal and cultural harmony. Bhavnagar is also known for pioneering and laudable efforts in the fields of rural child as well as liberal women's education. The artistes and literary luminaries of Bhavnagar have immensely contributed to the exquisite culture of the' Sanskari Nagari' (Cultural city) of Bhavnagar. The renowned Central Salt & Marine Chemical Research Institute (CSMCRI), the Head quarter of the State Bank of Saurashtra, the seat of Bhavnagar University and a divisional headquarter of the Indian Railways are located in Bhavnagar.
Bhavnagar is the place associated with the Dream Project "KALPSAR" which has the potential to usher in a golden era of prosperity in this region.
Check website of Bhavnagar Municipal Corporation [BMC] -
Junagadh Municipal Corporation [JUMC]
Junagadh is situated right at the base of the temple-studded Girnar Hill, and is the departure point for visits to the Gir Forest. This interesting and unspoilt town has some exotic old buildings, most in a state of disrepair, and is a fascinating place to explore, but very few tourists come here. The city takes its name from the fort, which enclosed the old city. Dating from 250 BC, the Ashokan edicts near the town testify to the great antiquity of this site. At the time of Partition, the Nawab of Junagadh opted to take his tiny state into Pakistan. However, the inhabitants were predominantly Hindu and the nawab soon found himself in exile, which perhaps explains the sorry state of his former palace and fort.
Urban Profile
img Urbanisation in India
img Gujarat at a Glance
img Urban Development Department
img District Urban Profile