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Town Planning and Valuation Department (Government of Gujarat) Town Planning & Valuation Department
Government of Gujarat
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Gujarat At Glance
Population
Gujarat stands at 10th rank amongst the States in the country in respect of population and at 21st rank in population density.
Census 2011, Gujarat has population of 6.04 crore persons showing a decadal growth rate of 19.17% as compared to all India growth rate of 17.64%. The growth rate of population in rural and urban areas was 9.23 % and 35.83 % respectively.
Out of the Child Population of 74.94 lakh in the age group of 0-6 years in the state, the rural child population stands at 46.76 lakh and urban at 28.18 lakh in 2011.
Year Gujarat India
1951 4.43 27.23 62.4 17.29
1961 5.31 25.74 19.64 78.9 18.0 26.44
1971 7.49 28.06 41.05 109.1 19.91 38.22
1981 10.60 31.10 41.52 159.5 23.70 46.23
1991 14.24 34.47 34.34 217.2 25.71 36.09
2001 18.93 37.36 32.94 285.4 27.78 21.35
2011 25.7 42.6
Demography
Gujarat : Urban Demography Year 2011
Total Population (in million)in 2011 60,383,6 28
Total Urban Population (million) in 2011 2.57 cr.
% urban to total state population 42.6
Rate of growth of urban population (2001-2011) 5.24
% of urban population below poverty line (2009) 16.75%
Number of Urban Municipal Centres 164
Municipal Corporations 8
Class-A (with population 100,000 to 500,000) 18
Class-B (with population 50,001 to 100,000) 32
Class-C (with population 25,001 to 50,000) 44
Class-D (with population <25000) 63
Source: Census of India 2011 and Dept of Urban Dev. & Housing, Gujarat 2011
Climate
The winters are mild, pleasant, and dry with average daytime temperatures around 29 °C (84 °F) and nights around 12 °C (54 °F) with 100 percent sunny days and clear nights.
The summers are extremely hot and dry with daytime temperatures around 41 °C (106 °F) and at night no lower than 29 °C (84 °F).
In the weeks leading up to the arrival of the monsoon rains the temperatures are similar to above but with high humidity which makes the air feel hotter. Relief comes when the monsoon season starts around in mid-June. The day temperatures are lowered to around 35 °C (95 °F) but humidity is very high and nights are around 27 °C (81 °F).
Geography
Gujarat is located on the west coast of India surrounded by the Arabian Sea in the West, Rajasthan in the North and North-East, Madhya Pradesh in the East and Maharashtra state in the South and South East. It is situated between 20o1' and 24o7' north latitudes and 68o4' and 74o4'east longitudes.
The state has the longest coastline of about 1600 km that has attracted seafarers through the ages, lured by the rich prospects of trade.
The state has three distinct geographical regions – a corridor which is the industrial mainland, a peninsula known as Saurashtra, and Kutch, which is partly desert and partly marshland. The state has an international border with Pakistan at the north western fringe.
Rate of urbanization in different phases
City Population within Municipal Limits (2001) Percentage to State Urban Population Population of Urban Agglomerations Percentage to State Urban Population
Ahmedabad 3,520,085 18.6 4,110,250 21.7
Surat 2,433,835 12.9 2,702,304 14.3
Vadodara 1,306,227 6.9 1,411,228 7.5
Rajkot 967,476 5.1 1,003,015 5.3
Bhavnagar 511,085 2.7 517,708 2.7
Jamnagar 443,518 2.3 498,344 2.6
Junagadh* 168,515 0.9 252,138 1.3
Total of 7 Cities 9,350,741 49.4 10,494,987 55.4
GDP (Gross Domestic Product)
Financial Year Federal State Indian Rupee (Ten Million) US Dollar (Billion) Growth Rate (YoY) %age of Total GDP Per-capita Income (INR)
2011 Gujarat 4,81,766 $104.87 12.21% 6.59% 63,961
Distribution of GDP (2011)
India Gujarat
Services 57.30 47.20
Industry 28.08 40.67
Agriculture and allied 14.62 12.13
Gujarat is 5th highest rapidly moving economy of India in 2011.
Manufacturing and electricity sectors accounted for about 63.43% of state’s total outstanding investment in December 2011.
A substantial proportion of investments were concentrated in the power sector, holding a 39.22% share at Rs. 6, 38,281.78 crore. It was followed by manufacturing and services sector with a 24.21% and 16.18% share in investments respectively.
Economy sectors: IT, Industries etc.
Gujarat has some of the largest businesses in India. Major agricultural produce of the state include cotton, groundnuts (peanuts), dates, sugar cane, milk and milk products. Industrial products include cement and petrol.[22] According the report on economic freedom by the Cato Institute, Guajarat is the second most free state in India, the first being Tamil Nadu.
Jamnagar Refinery owned by Reliance Industries in Jamnagar is the largest refinery in the world.Reliance Industries operates the oil refinery at Jamnagar, which is the world's largest grass-roots refineries.
The world's largest shipbreaking yard is in Gujarat near Bhavnagar at Alang.
India’s only Liquid Chemical Port Terminal at Dahej, developed by Gujarat Chemical Port Terminal Co Ltd. Gujarat has two of the three Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminals in the country (Dahej and Hazira). Two more LNG Terminals are proposed, at Pipavav and Mundra.
Gujarat is the only state in India to have State Wide Gas Grid of 2,200 km. 87.9% of the total roads in the state are asphalt surfaced. 98.86% village connectivity with all-weather roads, one of the highest in India.
Nearly 100% of Gujarat's 18,000 villages have electricity connection for 24hr power through the Jyotigram Yojana. Gujarat ranks first nationwide in gas-based thermal electricity generation with national market share of over 8% and second nationwide in nuclear electricity generation with national market share of over 1%.
In Asia Pacific Region and second largest in the world, connecting 26 districts and 225 talukas through 12,000 nodes. There are more than 900,000 internet users and all villages are connected with broadband internet.
The state registered 12.8% agriculture growth in the last five years against the national average of 2%.
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Urban Profile
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img Gujarat at a Glance
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